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12.04 interview questions

Top 12.04 frequently asked interview questions

What alternatives for sticky notes are available?

I like the Sticky Notes very much, they are always on the desktop.

But in the current version of Ubuntu (12.04), I can't find it. Other programs like gnotes & Xjournal are not giving a feature to stay on the desktop.

So, is there any application similar to the old sticky notes in Ubuntu 12.04?


Source: (StackOverflow)

How do I set a shortcut to screenshot a selected area?

In gnome's screen shot program, the quick keys PrtScn captures the entire screen and alt+PrtScn captures the active window. Is there a way to script or set up the third capture option of a selected area?

Update: I don't seem to have this key already mapped... enter image description here


Source: (StackOverflow)

How can I create launcher icon for PhpStorm?

I have PhpStorm on my PC, to launch it I have to go to phpstorm/bin/ and launch phpstorm.sh, how can I pin this to launcher so that I dont have to go into folders every time?


Source: (StackOverflow)

How to disable Grub's menu from showing up after failed boot

I am performing a test in which I hard-reboot a machine with Ubuntu during its boot sequence (just before login prompt appears).

After the reboot, GRUB's menu shows up with no timeout (not its rescue-mode, but the usual menu), as opposed to before reboot where GRUB had a timeout and started to boot Ubuntu.

I am using a fresh installation of Ubuntu 12.04 LTS Server for my tests.

Although it is a nice feature for recovery, I would like GRUB to continue the "usual boot" sequence with the default timeout, instead of the "fail-safe" mode where it waits for input, even if previous boot failed.

How is it possible?


Source: (StackOverflow)

How do I move (copy) my entire Ubuntu system to a different hard disk?

The HDD I have my Ubuntu installed is about to fail. I would rather not lose 3 years worth of data, customisation and apps. I am looking for a way to move the complete system (SWAP included, because I'm not sure if I can relink the system to a new SWAP partition) to another HDD. But not the complete HDD< only the partition containing Ubuntu, to a partition on a different HDD. Basically I'd like to do what I've been able to do with Norton Ghost for my Windows install. I thought about using Clonezilla but I think I would have issues with GRUB (Especially trying to boot from a different UUID than what is in the conf file). do you know of any way this could be done?

PS, my home directory is encrypted but that's not really an issue, because I can work around that.

EDIT: changed the explanation to make it clearer


Source: (StackOverflow)

What is the app, "compiz" responsible for on ubuntu 12.04?

When I open my system monitor and check the "processes" tab, I've noticed that regardless of what other apps I have running, "compiz" is always taking roughly 10% of my CPU. It might be a broad question, but what is compiz? I understand it's a window manager, but is it possible to use ubuntu without it? Is it a default application?


Source: (StackOverflow)

How to ungroup windows on task switcher?

I'm playing with ubuntu 12.04, precise pangolin, and there's an issue I can't see how to solve.

If I have three instances of, let's say, Firefox, in the switcher appears a single Firefox icon, I have to wait something like a second for it to open so that I can finally choose the one I'm looking for

I tried with compiz-settings and the unity plugin but couldn't find an option to ungroup Windows.


Source: (StackOverflow)

How to keep apache and mysql from starting automatically

Is there a way to make apache and mysql not run automatically on startup?

Currently, whenever I boot my machine, they start automatically and run in the background.

I am using Ubuntu 12.04.


Source: (StackOverflow)

How to open Nautilus at current command line directory?

I was wondering if anybody knew a command that would allow me to open a Nautilus (if that's the right name for the Ubuntu 12.04 graphic/window explorer) window from the command line at the current directory that the user is at.

So, if I open a command line, and type:

cd /home/myUser/some/long/path/to/a/directory

Then, I'd like to be able to issue some command:

nautilus open-sesame

And have a graphic window opened to /home/myUser/some/long/path/to/a/directory. Is this even possible?


Source: (StackOverflow)

What are the rcuos/rcuob processes I'm seeing in top?

I ran top, and I see lots of rcuos/rcuob processes. Here's a sample of top output:

top - 21:41:15 up 22 days, 19:20,  1 user,  load average: 0.00, 0.01, 0.05
Tasks: 332 total,   1 running, 331 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie
Cpu(s):  0.0%us,  0.0%sy,  0.0%ni, 99.9%id,  0.0%wa,  0.0%hi,  0.0%si,  0.0%st
Mem:  32910904k total,  2232224k used, 30678680k free,   246636k buffers
Swap: 33517564k total,        0k used, 33517564k free,  1048244k cached

  PID USER      PR  NI  VIRT  RES  SHR S %CPU %MEM    TIME+  COMMAND
 3098 root      20   0 11.8g 113m 9.9m S    1  0.4  67:57.98 asterisk
   12 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:53.61 rcuos/3
 1130 root      39  19     0    0    0 S    0  0.0  78:26.78 kipmi0
 1735 root      20   0 15988  740  540 S    0  0.0  17:34.69 irqbalance
 1875 zabbix    20   0 89416 2472 1828 S    0  0.0  12:55.47 zabbix_agentd
    1 root      20   0 24316 2288 1336 S    0  0.0   0:05.06 init
    2 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.25 kthreadd
    3 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:02.40 ksoftirqd/0
    5 root       0 -20     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 kworker/0:0H
    6 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 kworker/u48:0
    8 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   4:55.92 rcu_sched
    9 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   1:31.03 rcuos/0
   10 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:54.04 rcuos/1
   11 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:53.16 rcuos/2
   13 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:45.96 rcuos/4
   14 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:41.84 rcuos/5
   15 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:02.56 rcuos/6
   16 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:07.25 rcuos/7
   17 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:12.06 rcuos/8
   18 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:12.14 rcuos/9
   19 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:11.21 rcuos/10
   20 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:05.66 rcuos/11
   21 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   1:39.42 rcuos/12
   22 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:35.66 rcuos/13
   23 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:26.46 rcuos/14
   24 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.88 rcuos/15
   25 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.30 rcuos/16
   26 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:31.93 rcuos/17
   27 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:18.58 rcuos/18
   28 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:20.53 rcuos/19
   29 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:44.95 rcuos/20
   30 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:01.92 rcuos/21
   31 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.24 rcuos/22
   32 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:05.01 rcuos/23
   33 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcu_bh
   34 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/0
   35 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/1
   36 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/2
   37 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/3
   38 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/4
   39 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/5
   40 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/6
   41 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/7
   42 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/8
   43 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/9
   44 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/10
   45 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/11
   46 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/12
   47 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/13
   48 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/14
   49 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/15
   50 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/16
   51 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/17
   52 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/18
   53 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/19
   54 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/20
   55 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/21
   56 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/22
   57 root      20   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.00 rcuob/23
   58 root      RT   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:00.87 migration/0
   59 root      RT   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:08.47 watchdog/0
   60 root      RT   0     0    0    0 S    0  0.0   0:08.41 watchdog/1

What are these processes?


Source: (StackOverflow)

Why won't Remmina connect to Windows 7 Remote Desktop?

I'm using Ubuntu and I'm trying to connect to another machine in a different network using remote desktop.

In Windows7 I have made the following in order to activate remote desktop:

  1. I've gone to computer -> properties -> remote settings
  2. I've selected the option: "Allow connections from computers running any version of Remote Desktop
  3. I've opened "Windows Firewall with Advanced Security"
  4. In inbound rules I've enabled the rules for remote desktop (public and domain)

I have also installed Remmina in the Ubuntu machine.

For configuring it I did the following steps:

  1. Selected the RDP protocol
  2. In the server input I have written the Windows machine public IP.
  3. In username / password I have typed my login credentials (the same as my Windows admin account)

But when I try to connect I get this error message:

"Unable to connect to RDP server 89.130.251.160"

If I ping my Windows7 machine, I have a correct response.

Any suggestions?


Source: (StackOverflow)

Trying to start nginx on VPS, I get "nginx: unrecognized service"

Following the How to install rails and nginx with passenger on Ubuntu tutorial from DigitalOcean.com, the seventh step manually starts nginx:

sudo service nginx start

but fails with the following error:

nginx: unrecognized service

Source: (StackOverflow)

How can I disable [alt] for search? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
How do I modify or disable the HUD's use of the Alt key?

In 12.04, the [Alt] key pops up the HUD. That's not a problem, but, when using [Alt]+... it pops up as well.

For instance on pushing [Alt]+[Left Arrow] which I use continually when navigating with Firefox (that's the 'back' functionality).

Is there a way to prevent this from happening?


Source: (StackOverflow)

How can I install Qt 5.x on 12.04 LTS?

If you want to develop with QML 2.0 and Qt5, the base packages don't seem to exist in repository for 12.04. What PPA should I add? Is it a binary installer? a compile the toolkit yourself?

Those aren't separate questions, they're just possible tracks to an answer.

I'm asking because if you want to develop for Ubuntu Phone, but still have a rock solid LTS development box, this seems the appropriate path.

How can I install Qt 5.x on 12.04 LTS?


Source: (StackOverflow)

vim is not remembering last position

My Ubuntu LTS 12.04 has vim editor. If I open a file, move to a paragraph and reopen vim, then the cursor goes to beginning of the file always.

This is not the expected behavior. How the vim can remember last read position after closing a file?

I tried vi also, but the result is the same.


Source: (StackOverflow)