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How to run test methods in specific order in JUnit4?

I want to execute test methods which are annotated by @Test in specific order.

For example:

public class MyTest {
    @Test public void test1(){}
    @Test public void test2(){}

I want to ensure to run test1() before test2() each time I run MyTest, but I couldn't find annotation like @Test(order=xx).

I think it's quite important feature for JUnit, if author of JUnit doesn't want the order feature, why?

Source: (StackOverflow)

Maven does not find JUnit tests to run

I have a maven program, it compiles fine. When I run mvn test it does not run any tests (under TESTs header says There are no tests to run.).

I've recreated this problem with a super simple setup which I will include below as well as the output when run with -X.

The unit tests run fine from eclipse (both with its default junit package and when I instead include the junit.jar downloaded by maven). Also mvn test-compile correctly creates the class under test-classes. I am running this on OSX 10.6.7 with Maven 3.0.2 and java 1.6.0_24.

Here is the directory structure:



<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="" xmlns:xsi="" xsi:schemaLocation="">
    <name>My Program</name>

public class ClassUnderTest {

    public int functionUnderTest(int n) {
        return n;


import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;

public class ClassUnderTestTests {

    private ClassUnderTest o;

    public void setUp() {
        o = new ClassUnderTest();

    public void testFunctionUnderTest_testCase1() {
        Assert.assertEquals(1, o.functionUnderTest(1));

    public void testFunctionUnderTest_testCase2() {
        Assert.assertEquals(2, o.functionUnderTest(2));

End of mvn -X test:

[DEBUG] Configuring mojo org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-surefire-plugin:2.7.1:test from plugin realm ClassRealm[plugin>org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-surefire-plugin:2.7.1, parent: sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader@5224ee]
[DEBUG] Configuring mojo 'org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-surefire-plugin:2.7.1:test' with basic configurator -->
[DEBUG]   (s) basedir = /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program
[DEBUG]   (s) childDelegation = false
[DEBUG]   (s) classesDirectory = /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/classes
[DEBUG]   (s) disableXmlReport = false
[DEBUG]   (s) enableAssertions = true
[DEBUG]   (s) forkMode = once
[DEBUG]   (s) junitArtifactName = junit:junit
[DEBUG]   (s) localRepository =        id: local
      url: file:///Users/aaron/.m2/repository/
   layout: none

[DEBUG]   (f) parallelMavenExecution = false
[DEBUG]   (s) pluginArtifactMap = {org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-surefire-plugin=org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-surefire-plugin:maven-plugin:2.7.1:, org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-booter=org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-booter:jar:2.7.1:compile, org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-api=org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-api:jar:2.7.1:compile, org.apache.maven.surefire:maven-surefire-common=org.apache.maven.surefire:maven-surefire-common:jar:2.7.1:compile, org.apache.maven.shared:maven-common-artifact-filters=org.apache.maven.shared:maven-common-artifact-filters:jar:1.3:compile, org.codehaus.plexus:plexus-utils=org.codehaus.plexus:plexus-utils:jar:2.0.5:compile, junit:junit=junit:junit:jar:3.8.1:compile, org.apache.maven.reporting:maven-reporting-api=org.apache.maven.reporting:maven-reporting-api:jar:2.0.9:compile}
[DEBUG]   (s) printSummary = true
[DEBUG]   (s) project = MavenProject: my_group:my_program:1.0-SNAPSHOT @ /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/pom.xml
[DEBUG]   (s) projectArtifactMap = {junit:junit=junit:junit:jar:4.8.1:test}
[DEBUG]   (s) redirectTestOutputToFile = false
[DEBUG]   (s) remoteRepositories = [       id: central
   layout: default
snapshots: [enabled => false, update => daily]
 releases: [enabled => true, update => never]
[DEBUG]   (s) reportFormat = brief
[DEBUG]   (s) reportsDirectory = /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/surefire-reports
[DEBUG]   (s) session = org.apache.maven.execution.MavenSession@dfbb43
[DEBUG]   (s) skip = false
[DEBUG]   (s) skipTests = false
[DEBUG]   (s) testClassesDirectory = /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/test-classes
[DEBUG]   (s) testFailureIgnore = false
[DEBUG]   (s) testNGArtifactName = org.testng:testng
[DEBUG]   (s) testSourceDirectory = /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/src/test/java
[DEBUG]   (s) trimStackTrace = true
[DEBUG]   (s) useFile = true
[DEBUG]   (s) useManifestOnlyJar = true
[DEBUG]   (s) workingDirectory = /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program
[DEBUG] -- end configuration --
[INFO] Surefire report directory: /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/surefire-reports
[DEBUG] Setting system property [user.dir]=[/Users/aaron/Programs/my_program]
[DEBUG] Setting system property [localRepository]=[/Users/aaron/.m2/repository]
[DEBUG] Setting system property [basedir]=[/Users/aaron/Programs/my_program]
[DEBUG] Using JVM: /System/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/1.6.0.jdk/Contents/Home/bin/java
[DEBUG] Using manager EnhancedLocalRepositoryManager with priority 10 for /Users/aaron/.m2/repository
[DEBUG] dummy:dummy:jar:1.0 (selected for null)
[DEBUG]   org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-booter:jar:2.7.1:compile (selected for compile)
[DEBUG]     org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-api:jar:2.7.1:compile (selected for compile)
[DEBUG] Adding to surefire booter test classpath: /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-booter/2.7.1/surefire-booter-2.7.1.jar Scope: compile
[DEBUG] Adding to surefire booter test classpath: /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-api/2.7.1/surefire-api-2.7.1.jar Scope: compile
[DEBUG] Using manager EnhancedLocalRepositoryManager with priority 10 for /Users/aaron/.m2/repository
[DEBUG] dummy:dummy:jar:1.0 (selected for null)
[DEBUG]   org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-junit4:jar:2.7.1:test (selected for test)
[DEBUG]     org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-api:jar:2.7.1:test (selected for test)
[DEBUG] Adding to surefire test classpath: /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-junit4/2.7.1/surefire-junit4-2.7.1.jar Scope: test
[DEBUG] Adding to surefire test classpath: /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-api/2.7.1/surefire-api-2.7.1.jar Scope: test
[DEBUG] Test Classpath :
[DEBUG]   /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/test-classes
[DEBUG]   /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/classes
[DEBUG]   /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/junit/junit/4.8.1/junit-4.8.1.jar
[DEBUG] Using manager EnhancedLocalRepositoryManager with priority 10 for /Users/aaron/.m2/repository
[DEBUG] dummy:dummy:jar:1.0 (selected for null)
[DEBUG]   org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-booter:jar:2.7.1:compile (selected for compile)
[DEBUG]     org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-api:jar:2.7.1:compile (selected for compile)
[DEBUG] Adding to surefire booter test classpath: /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-booter/2.7.1/surefire-booter-2.7.1.jar Scope: compile
[DEBUG] Adding to surefire booter test classpath: /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-api/2.7.1/surefire-api-2.7.1.jar Scope: compile
Forking command line: /bin/sh -c cd /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program && /System/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/1.6.0.jdk/Contents/Home/bin/java -jar /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/surefire/surefirebooter6118081963679415631.jar /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/surefire/surefire4887918564882595612tmp /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/surefire/surefire9012255138269731406tmp

 T E S T S
There are no tests to run.

Results :

Tests run: 0, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 2.089s
[INFO] Finished at: Mon May 30 12:03:09 EDT 2011
[INFO] Final Memory: 7M/62M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

Source: (StackOverflow)

differences between 2 JUnit Assert classes

The JUnit framework contains 2 Assert classes (in different packages, obviously) and the methods on each appear to be very similar. Can anybody explain why this is?

The classes I'm referring to are: junit.framework.Assert and org.junit.Assert.

Source: (StackOverflow)

How to test a class that has private methods, fields or inner classes

How do I use JUnit to test a class that has internal private methods, fields or nested classes? It seems bad to change the access modifier for a method just to be able to run a test.

Source: (StackOverflow)

How do you assert that a certain exception is thrown in JUnit 4 tests?

How can I use JUnit4 idiomatically to test that some code throws an exception?

While I can certainly do something like this:

public void testFooThrowsIndexOutOfBoundsException() {
  boolean thrown = false;

  try {
  } catch (IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
    thrown = true;


I recall that there is an annotation or an or something that is far less kludgy and far more in-the-spirit of JUnit for these sorts of situations.

Source: (StackOverflow)

Why doesn't JUnit provide assertNotEquals methods?

Does anybody know why JUnit 4 provides assertEquals(foo,bar) but not assertNotEqual(foo,bar) methods?

It provides assertNotSame (corresponding to assertSame) and assertFalse (corresponding to assertTrue), so it seems strange that they didn't bother including assertNotEqual.

By the way, I know that JUnit-addons provides the methods I'm looking for. I'm just asking out of curiosity.

Source: (StackOverflow)

Pass a local file in to URL in Java

How do I create a new URL object using a local file, for the purpose of unit tests?


Source: (StackOverflow)

Why should I use Hamcrest-Matcher and assertThat() instead of traditional assertXXX()-Methods

When I look at the examples in the Assert class JavaDoc

assertThat("Help! Integers don't work", 0, is(1)); // fails:
// failure message:
// Help! Integers don't work
// expected: is <1> 
// got value: <0>
assertThat("Zero is one", 0, is(not(1))) // passes

I dont see a big advantage over, let's say, assertEquals( 0, 1 ).

It's nice maybe for the messages if the constructs get more complicated but do you see more advantages? Readability?

Source: (StackOverflow)

JUnit XML Format Specification that Hudson supports

I have Hudson as continuous integration server and I want to use option 'Publish JUnit test result report'. But I don't use xUnit tools for testing, instead of that i have shell scripts which run tests and return results in simple format. I thinking to make script which transforms these results to JUnit format. So i'm interesting how JUnit file must looks?

Source: (StackOverflow)

Meaning of epsilon argument of assertEquals for double values

I have a question about junit assertEquals to test double values. Reading API doc I can see:

public static void assertEquals(double expected, double actual)

Deprecated. Use assertEquals(double expected, double actual, double epsilon) instead

What does epsilon value mean? (Epsilon is a letter in the Greek alphabet, right?).

Can Someone explain to me how to use it?

Source: (StackOverflow)

How to capture a list of specific type with mockito

Is there a way to capture a list of specific type using mockitos ArgumentCaptore. This doesn't work:

ArgumentCaptor<ArrayList<SomeType>> argument = ArgumentCaptor.forClass(ArrayList.class);

Source: (StackOverflow)

Java: How to test methods that call System.exit()?

I've got a few methods that should call System.exit() on certain inputs. Unfortunately, testing these cases causes JUnit to terminate! Putting the method calls in a new Thread doesn't seem to help, since System.exit() terminates the JVM, not just the current thread. Are there any common patterns for dealing with this? For example, can I subsitute a stub for System.exit()?

[EDIT] The class in question is actually a command-line tool which I'm attempting to test inside JUnit. Maybe JUnit is simply not the right tool for the job? Suggestions for complementary regression testing tools are welcome (preferably something that integrates well with JUnit and EclEmma).

Source: (StackOverflow)

Getting "NoSuchMethodError: org.hamcrest.Matcher.describeMismatch" when running test in IntelliJ 10.5

I'm using JUnit-dep 4.10 and Hamcrest 1.3.RC2.

I've created a custom matcher that looks like the following:

public static class MyMatcher extends TypeSafeMatcher<String> {
    protected boolean matchesSafely(String s) {
        /* implementation */

    public void describeTo(Description description) {
        /* implementation */

    protected void describeMismatchSafely(String item, Description mismatchDescription) {

        /* implementation */

It works perfectly fine when run from the command line using Ant. But when run from IntelliJ, it fails with:

java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: org.hamcrest.Matcher.describeMismatch(Ljava/lang/Object;Lorg/hamcrest/Description;)V
    at org.hamcrest.MatcherAssert.assertThat(
    at org.hamcrest.MatcherAssert.assertThat(

My guess is that it's using the wrong hamcrest.MatcherAssert. How do I find which hamcrest.MatcherAssert it's using (ie which jar file it's using for hamcrest.MatcherAssert)? AFAICT, the only hamcrest jars in my classpath is 1.3.RC2.

Is IntelliJ IDEA using it's own copy of JUnit or Hamcrest?

How do I output the runtime CLASSPATH that IntelliJ is using?

Source: (StackOverflow)

Get name of currently executing test in JUnit 4

In JUnit 3, I could get the name of the currently running test like this:

public class MyTest extends TestCase
    public void testSomething()
        System.out.println("Current test is " + getName());

which would print "Current test is testSomething".

Is there any out-of-the-box or simple way to do this in JUnit 4?

Background: Obviously, I don't want to just print the name of the test. I want to load test-specific data that is stored in a resource with the same name as the test. You know, convention over configuration and all that.


Source: (StackOverflow)

IntelliJ IDEA with Junit 4.7 "!!! JUnit version 3.8 or later expected:"

When I attempt to run the following test in IntelliJ IDEA I get the message:

!!! JUnit version 3.8 or later expected:

It should be noted that this is an Android project I am working on in IntelliJ IDEA 9.

public class GameScoreUtilTest {
    public void testCalculateResults() throws Exception {
        final Game game = new Game();

        final Player player1 = new Player();
            final PlayedHole playedHole = new PlayedHole();
            game.getHoleScoreMap().put(player1, playedHole);
            final PlayedHole playedHole = new PlayedHole();
            game.getHoleScoreMap().put(player1, playedHole);
        final GameResults gameResults = GameScoreUtil.calculateResults(game);

        assertEquals(4, gameResults.getScore());

The full stack trace looks like this...

!!! JUnit version 3.8 or later expected:

java.lang.RuntimeException: Stub!
    at junit.runner.BaseTestRunner.<init>(
    at junit.textui.TestRunner.<init>(
    at junit.textui.TestRunner.<init>(
    at junit.textui.TestRunner.<init>(
    at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter.junitVersionChecks(
    at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter.canWorkWithJUnitVersion(
    at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter.main(
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(
    at com.intellij.rt.execution.application.AppMain.main(

Process finished with exit code -3

Source: (StackOverflow)