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ruby

The Ruby Programming Language

Ruby function to remove all white spaces?

What is the Ruby function to remove all white space? Kind of like php's trim()?


Source: (StackOverflow)

Equivalent of "continue" in Ruby

In C and many other languages, there is a continue keyword that, when used inside of a loop, jumps to the next iteration of the loop. Is there any equivalent of this continue keyword in Ruby?


Source: (StackOverflow)

Rails I18n validation deprecation warning

I just updated to rails 4.0.2 and I'm getting this warning:

[deprecated] I18n.enforce_available_locales will default to true in the future. If you really want to skip validation of your locale you can set I18n.enforce_available_locales = false to avoid this message.

Is there any security issue in setting it to false?


Source: (StackOverflow)

How to install a specific version of a ruby gem?

Using the command-line gem tool, how can I install a specific version of a gem?


Source: (StackOverflow)

When to use rspec let()?

I tend to use before blocks and set instance variables in them and then use them across my examples, but recently I came upon let(). According to rspec docs, it is used to

... to define a memoized helper method. The value will be cached across multiple calls in the same example but not across examples.

My question is how is this different from using instance variables in before blocks? And also when should you use let() vs before()?


Source: (StackOverflow)

A concise explanation of nil v. empty v. blank in Ruby on Rails

I find myself repeatedly looking for a clear definition of the differences of nil?, blank?, and empty? in Ruby on Rails. Here's the closest I've come:

  • blank? objects are false, empty, or a whitespace string. For example, "", " ", nil, [], and {} are blank.

  • nil? objects are instances of NilClass.

  • empty? objects are class-specific, and the definition varies from class to class. A string is empty if it has no characters, and an array is empty if it contains no items.

Is there anything missing, or a tighter comparison that can be made?


Source: (StackOverflow)

What's the difference between equal?, eql?, ===, and ==?

I am trying to understand the difference between these four methods. I know by default that == calls the method equal? which returns true when both operands refer to exactly the same object.

=== by default also calls == which calls equal?... okay, so if all these three methods are not overridden, then I guess ===, == and equal? do exactly the same thing?

Now comes eql?. What does this do (by default)? Does it make a call to the operand's hash/id?

Why does Ruby have so many equality signs? Are they supposed to differ in semantics?


Source: (StackOverflow)

How to run Rake tasks from within Rake tasks?

I have a Rakefile that compiles the project in two ways, according to the global variable $build_type, which can be :debug or :release (the results go in separate directories):

task :build => [:some_other_tasks] do
end

I wish to create a task that compiles the project with both configurations in turn, something like this:

task :build_all do
  [ :debug, :release ].each do |t|
    $build_type = t
    # call task :build with all the tasks it depends on (?)
  end
end

Is there a way to call a task as if it were a method? Or how can I achieve anything similar?


Source: (StackOverflow)

How to make --no-ri --no-rdoc the default for gem install?

I don't use the RI or RDoc output from the gems I install in my machine or in the servers I handle (I use other means of documentation).

Every gem I install installs RI and RDoc documentation by default, because I forget to set --no-ri --no-rdoc.

Is there a way to make those two flags the default?


Source: (StackOverflow)

What does "WARN Could not determine content-length of response body." mean and how to I get rid of it?

Since upgrading to Rails 3.1 I'm seeing this warning message in my development log:

WARN Could not determine content-length of response body. Set content-length of the response or set Response#chunked = true

What does this mean and how can I remove it? Is it a problem?


Source: (StackOverflow)

What does map(&:name) mean in Ruby?

I found this code in a RailsCast:

def tag_names
  @tag_names || tags.map(&:name).join(' ')
end

what does the (&:name) in map(&:name) mean?


Source: (StackOverflow)

Error installing mysql2: Failed to build gem native extension

I am having some problems when trying to install mysql2 gem for Rails. When I try to install it by running bundle install or gem install mysql2 it gives me the following error:

Error installing mysql2: ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

How can I fix this and successfully install mysql2?


Source: (StackOverflow)

Ruby: what does %w(array) mean?

I'm looking at the documentation for FileUtils. I'm confused by the following line:

FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6'

What does the %w mean? Can you point me to the documentation?


Source: (StackOverflow)

Calling shell commands from Ruby

How do I call shell commands from inside of a Ruby program? How do I then get output from these commands back into Ruby?


Source: (StackOverflow)

How can I remove RVM (Ruby Version Manager) from my system?

How can I remove RVM (Ruby Version Manager) from my system?


Source: (StackOverflow)